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Legislation and Regulation
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Environment Act 1995
Environment Agencies
Functions and Duties
Section 57
Section 80
EC Directive 94/62

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Legislation and Regulation   >

Environment Act 1995


The main provisions of the Environment Act 1995 ("the Act"), are as follows:-

  • The creation of Environment Agencies
  • The new contaminated land regime
  • Protection of the Aquatic Environment
  • Air quality management
  • Producer responsibility


 

Environment Agencies

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The creation of Environment Agencies - Part I of the Act, sets up two new bodies namely the Environment Agency (England and Wales), and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency.

The two respective Environment Agencies now encompass

  • The National Rivers Authority (England and Wales)
  • The River Purification Authority (Scotland)
  • The Waste Regulation Authorities
  • Her Majesties Inspectorate of Pollution


 

Functions and Duties

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The Agencies functions and duties include:-
  • Compiling information on the pollution of the environment
  • Assessing the effects of pollution of the environment
  • Investigating the options for mitigating the effects of pollution
  • Conservation of the beauty of land and waterways
  • Maintenance of fisheries
  • Carry out cost-benefit analysis when exercising its powers
  • Conservation of water resources


 

Section 57

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The new contaminated land regime - Section 57 of the Act, ammends Part II of the Environmental Protection Act 1990, by introducing new provisions as regards contaminated land. There are
27 paragraph headings which include:-
  • Definition of Contaminated Land
  • Which Authority is responsible for regulation
  • Serving of remediation notices
  • Issuing of remediation declarations
  • Definition of a responsible person
  • Apportioning liability
Protection of the Aquatic Environment - based on ammendments at the final stage of approval of the Act
  • Tripartite Sampling
  • Enforcement Powers


 

Section 80

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  • Set air quality standards
  • Restrict the presence in the air of certain contaminants
  • Restrict access of vehicles to prescribed areas
  • Allocate new powers and duties on Local Authorities.


 

EC Directive 94/62


Producer responsibility - with the aim of increasing the recycling of packaging waste significantly, with EC Directive 94/62 being the target to be attained.

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[Page created: 11th Nov 65, Last Update: 22nd Mar 99]
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